Amines | Organic chemistry – Crack Chemistry

Table Of Contents Amines ; Amines (-NH₂) are one of the functional groups, derivatives of Ammonia (NH₃) in which one or more hydrogen atoms have been replaced by Alkyl groups Many low lower molecular weight amines have very foul orders. Trimethylamine(CH3)3N, formed when enzymes break down certain fish proteins, has the characteristics odor of rotting fish. … Read more

Friedel craft Alkylation – Crack Chemistry

Friedel Craft Alkylation of Aromatic Rings This reaction is discovered by the two Scientists ” Charles Friedel & James Craft ” in 1877. This Reaction is used to the formation of Alkyl benzenes from the alkyl halides with the help of Metal Chlorides. Friedel Craft Alkylation is the most difficult aromatic Electrophilic Substitution reaction to … Read more

Aldol Condensation & Cannizaro Reaction – Crack Chemistry

Table Of Contents Reaction Mechanisms of Carbonyl Compounds :- Before seeing about Aldol condensation & cannizaro reaction I hope that you’re familiar with What is Carbonyl Group ? And its Characterstic nature ?   Before Seeing Reaction Mechanism, You must know about Alpha-Hydrogen : The Hydrogen present in carbon which is nearby to the Corresponding … Read more

Cyclohexane & Cyclohexane Conformations – Crack Chemistry

Cyclohexane is come under the group of Cycloalkanes.   ” Cyclohexane is a saturated hydrocarbon with Six Carbon atoms present in it  All carbon atoms are Attached together by single covalent bonds with another carbon to form a ring. They are also called as Alicyclic Compounds “ Cyclohexane – An Overview :   Molecular Formula :- … Read more

Aromaticity – Huckel’s Rule – Crack Chemistry

Introduction to Aromaticity :- Benzene(C₆H₆) , the simplest aromatic hydrocarbon occupies the key position on the study of Chemistry of Aromatic compound. This is one of the important topic in organic chemistry, In every exam at least one question is asked from this part. Aromaticity is simply defined as behavior of benzene like compounds by other … Read more

Aldol condensation of Cyclohexanone (Step by step)

aldol condensation of cyclohexanone

We already know about What is Aldol Condensation ? So now we are going to solve same the aldol condensation of cyclohexanone. The chemical formula for the cyclohexanone is C6H10O. The structure of the cyclohexanone is given below General Reaction (aldol condensation of cyclohexanone) Generally the aldol condensation of cyclohexanone occurs as a Inter-molecular aldol … Read more

Reformatsky Reaction – Full Reaction Mechanism Explained

Reformatsky Reaction Reformatsky reaction is a formation of ß-hydroxy ester when treating ɑ-halo ester with zinc metal in presence of an inert solvent, Reaction Mechanism of Reformatsky Reaction In the first step, Zinc metal (0) is reacted with ɑ-halo ester and forms an organo-zinc complex which is simply known as Reformatsky enolate. It is very … Read more

What are carbene ? | Reaction intermediates

What are carbene ? It is a very short living Species formed in between the reaction Carbene is a molecule containing neutral carbon atom with valence of two and two unshared electrons ( loan pair ). The general formula is R’ – (:C) – R or  R=C: Where R is any alkyl group or substituted … Read more

What are the best ways to study Organic Chemistry Effectively ?

Organic Chemistry is one of the important part in the Chemistry subject.This is article we will suggest you some best way to study Organic chemistry. The organic chemistry mostly have the reaction mechanism.So one who understands the mechanisms and reactions will crack that part effectively. You must know about the types of bonds, hybridization,shape,bond angles etc.., … Read more

Mesomeric Effect – Definition,Types,Order and Uses

Mesomeric Effect – Definition, Types, Order, and Uses It is an important topic in organic chemistry like the inductive effect. You must know about the mesomeric effect, so that helps a lot in learning reaction mechanisms in organic chemistry Mesomeric Effects (or) Resonance Effect:-              Whilst inductive Effect pulls electrons … Read more

Phenol | Structure, Preparation, Reactions, Properties

Phenol – General View Phenol is the simplest Aromatic Alcohol with the Molecular formula of C₆H₅OH. This Molecule consists of the Phenyl Group (-C₆H₅) attached to the hydroxy group (-OH). It is Acidic in Nature, it requires additional careful handling due to its acidic nature. Phenol – Structure Structure of Phenol Molecular Formula: C₆H₅OH In … Read more

Reimer Tiemann reaction – Crack Chemistry

Reimer Tiemann reaction | Organic Reaction Mechanism This is one of the very very important naming reactions in organic chemistry especially for students pursuing Higher Secondary and Bachelor’s Degree in Chemistry subjects. This reaction is about Ortho-Formylation in aromatic alcohols. Simply we can say, Reimer Tiemann Reaction is used in the conversation of Phenol into … Read more

How to Identify aromatic anti-aromatic & non-aromatic compounds ?


Aromatic, Anti-aromatic & non-aromatic compounds: Before discussing the Aromatic, Anti-aromatic & non-aromatic compounds in this session, you have to recollect the following kinds of stuff. We have already discussed this, What is Aromaticity? What is Anti-Aromaticity? So Huckel’s Rule for Both Aromatic and Anti-Aromatic is the same but only differs in formula (4n+2)&(4n). Other criteria … Read more

Bond order for o2 – Crack chemistry

 Bond order for o2: Before seeing about the Bond order for o2, Let’s see what is bond order because these topics are very much basic in general inorganic chemistry.  What is Bond order? Bond order is defined as the number of bonds that are present between two atoms, bond order can be one, two, or … Read more